Taking care of your teeth is the most important part of preventative dental care. Thousands of bacterial species reside in the mouth. If the population of some species of oral bacteria are not regulated, dental plaque can result. This can result in a variety of problems such as gingivitis (gum disease) and progress to tooth loss. Oral bacteria also produce acid which can erode the enamel (outer covering) of the teeth. Brushing the teeth with fluoride containing toothpaste at least twice a day prevents the buildup of plaque. Brushing removes food particles which can provide fuel for bacterial growth. Furthermore, fluoride assists in maintaining the enamel by inhibiting bacterial acid production. It is recommended that toothbrushes be changed once every three to four months since the bristles get worn. Another crucial component of dental care is flossing. Flossing removes particles of food lodged between the teeth inaccessible to toothbrush bristles. It is also recommended that flossing precede brushing to clear the spaces between the teeth, allowing fluoride into these areas. Preventive dentistry includes a balanced diet, with a limit on sweets to reduce sugar for bacteria to feed on. Foods rich in calcium and vitamin D are essential for strong bones and teeth. Regular dental checkups can detect problems in their early stages and dental cleanings complement daily dental care.There are many advantages of preventative dental care.
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